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你知道国际足联为什么简称 FIFA 吗?

更新时间:2022-11-24  浏览量:   发布部门:2023白菜网站注册大全     更多


世界杯是“国际足联世界杯”(FIFA World Cup)的简称,由国际足球联合会每四年举办一次,是世界上最高规格、最高竞技水平、最高知名度的足球比赛。今年世界杯的主办方是卡塔尔。

小知识:

国际足联世界杯,对应英文是 International Federation of Association Football,因为国际足联在法国成立,其法语为 Fédération Internationale de Football Association,所以国际足联简称里的FIFA对应的是法语的缩写。


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让我们来丰富一下与足球有关的英语常用语/固定搭配词库吧!

赛制:

预选赛: qualifying competitions

东道主: host team

大本营: team base camps

场馆: venue

球场容量: capacity

赛程: schedule

揭幕战: opening match

热身赛: warm-up

预选赛: qualifying game

循环赛: round robin

小组预赛: Group preliminaries

小组赛: group match/group phase

淘汰赛: knockout stage

1/8决赛: eighth-finals

1/4决赛: quarter-finals

半决赛: semifinals

决三、四名比赛: the match for 3rd and 4th place

季军争夺战: the third place play-off

冠亚军决赛: final

亚军:  runner-up

友谊赛: friendlymatch

表演赛: exhibition match

吉祥物: mascot

死亡之组: The group of death

世界杯金靴奖: Adidas Gold Boot

免费: free of charge


场地:

football, soccer:足球

field, pitch:足球场

midfield:中场

kickoff circle/centercircle:中圈

halfway line:中线

touchline:边线

goal line:底线

penalty mark: (点球)发球点

penalty area:禁区

goal area:小禁区


人员

football(soccer)player; footballer; booter:足球运动员

football(soccer) team; eleven:足球队

field player:队员(除守门员外)

GK (goalkeeper / goalie):守门员

back line:后卫线

(full)back;rear defender:后卫

left back:左后卫

right back:右后卫

link line:前卫线

half(back):前卫

wing (outside) half:边前卫

left half:左前卫

right half:右前卫

center half:中前卫

twin center halves:双中前卫

free back (man); spare man; libero:自由中卫

sweeper:清道夫(自由中卫)

stopper:盯人中卫

deep-lying halfback; policeman:拖后前卫

forward line:锋线

forward; spearhead; lineman:前锋

twin forwards:双前锋

spearhead forward:靠前的前锋

winger; wing (forward);outside (forward):边锋

left wing(winger; flank);outside left:左边锋;左翼

right wing (winger; flank); outside right:右边锋;右翼

inside(forward); inner:内锋

inside left:左内锋

inside right:右内锋

withdrawn striker:拖后内锋

center forward:中锋

double center forwards; double spearheads:双中锋

withdrawn (deep-lying) center forward:拖后中锋

striker:攻击手

midfielder; midfield player; link(man):中场队员

attacking midfielder:前腰

double attacking midfielders:双前腰

defending midfielder:后腰

double defending midfielders:双后腰

coach:教练

head Coach:主教练

substitute:替补队员

key player; point man:核心队员

Man of Match:最佳球员(一场比赛后选出)

left-footed:惯用左脚的

right-footed:惯用右脚的

double-footed:左右开弓的

ball hawk:积极拼抢的防守队员

ball watcher:观望队员(不积极主动)

referee; ref; man in the middle:裁判员

linesman:巡边员

cheer team:啦啦队


规则:

offside:越位

pass the ball:传球

take a pass:接球

spot pass:球传到位

intercept:拦截球

throw-in:掷界外球

goal kick:球门球

sending off:罚(球员)出场

direct/indirect free kick:直接/间接任意球

red card:红牌

yellow card:黄牌 

block tackle:正面抢截

body check:阻挡

goal:球门,进球数 

half time interval:中场休息

extra-time:加时赛

injury time:伤停补时


动作:

kick-off:开球

shooting:射门

heading:头球

passing:传球

tackle/slide tackle:铲球

dribbling:运球

defending:防守

saving:救球

scoring:得分

ball handling:控制球

block tackle:正面抢截

body check:身体阻挡

fair charge:合理冲撞

close pass/short pass:短传

ball control:控球

deceptive movement:假动作

obstruction/tackle:阻截

grazing shot:贴地射门

close-range shot:近射

long drive:远射

mishit:未射中

break loose:摆脱

trap:脚底停球

set a wall:筑人墙

to break through/break through:带球过人


技巧:

倒钩球: bicycle kick, overhead kick

半高球: chest-high ball

角球: corner ball, corner

球门球: goal kick

地面球: ground ball, grounder

手触球: hand ball

头球: header

点球: penalty kick

罚点球: spot kick

罚任意球: free kick

胸部停球: chesting

连续传球: consecutive passes

鱼跃顶球: diving header

盘球,带球: dribbling

(守门员)接高球: clean catching

边线传球: flank pass

高吊传球: high lobbing pass

凌空传球: volley pass

三角传球: triangular pass

地滚球: rolling pass, ground pass

乌龙球:  own goal 

绝杀球:  last-gasp goal 

帽子戏法: hat trick

黄油手: butterfingers

盯人防守: man-mark/close-marking defence



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